Stafford Act

Stafford Act

The Stafford Act, also known as the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (Public Law 100-707), was signed into law on November 23, 1988 and amended the Disaster Relief Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-288). Further amendments include the Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 and in 2006, the Pets Evacuation and Transportation Standards Act.

The Stafford Act created the system in place today by which a presidential disaster declaration or an emergency declaration triggers financial and physical assistance through the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), which has the responsibility for coordinating government-wide relief efforts. The Federal Response Plan includes the contributions of 28 federal agencies and non-governmental organizations, such as the American Red Cross.

The Stafford Act is named after Robert T. Stafford (1913-2006), a politician from Vermont, who helped pass the law.

Portrait_of_Robert_Stafford
Portrait of Robert Stafford

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